What is Yagya?
In Hinduism, yagya is a sacred firel ritual performed in order to appease the gods and attain their blessings. The word yagya comes from the Sanskrit root yaj, meaning “to worship or sacrifice.” Yagyas are often performed for specific purposes, such as the birth of a child, the attainment of material wealth, or the removal of misfortune.
The purpose of a yagya is to purify the mind, body, and soul of the participants. It is believed that through this act of self-sacrifice, one can achieve anything they desire. Yagyas are still performed today in many Hindu temples all over the world.
Yagyas are usually performed by trained priests called pundits, who know the correct procedures and mantras to recite. The offerings made during a yagya can include anything from grains and fruits to animals and even humans. In some cases, the offering is simply the recitation of certain sacred texts.
What are the Different Types of Yagya?
There are four different types of yagya:
Havans or homa is a type of yagya performed with fire. It is considered to be very powerful and is often used for specific purposes such as healing, prosperity, etc.
Pitri tarpanam is a type of yagya performed to honor one’s ancestors. It is believed to help appease their souls and bring peace and blessings to the family.
Chandi homam is a type of yagya performed to invoke the goddess Chandi, who is considered to be very powerful and wrathful. It is often used for protection from negative forces or for victory in battles.
Navagraha shanti homam is a type of yagya performed to pacify the nine planets. It is believed to bring peace and harmony in one’s life.
How to Perform Yagya
First, the area where the yagya will be performed is prepared (the yagya pit or kunda). This usually involves cleaning and purifying the space, as well as setting up an altar with the necessary offerings. Next, the fire is lit and consecrated with mantras. Once the fire is burning steadily, the offerings are made one by one into the flames. As each offering is made, the relevant mantra is recited.
After all of the offerings have been made, the fire is allowed to burn out naturally. The ashes from the fire are then collected and used in a variety of ways, depending on the type of yagya that was performed. They might be buried, thrown into a body of water, or even eaten.